Arab states at the UN have urged Saudi Arabia to reverse its decision to decline temporary membership in the UN Security Council in response to the body's dealings with international conflicts.
The Gulf kingdom for the first time won a rotating seat in the
top international security body on Thursday - along with Chad,
Chile, Lithuania, and Nigeria.
“We hope that they [Saudi Arabia], which are amongst the blessed who represent the Arab and Islamic world at this important and historical stage, specifically for the Middle East region...maintain their membership in the Security Council," the Arab Group's statement said.
The statement was issued on Saturday after an urgent discussion between UN ambassadors within the Arab Group. It was added that member states hope Riyadh will “continue their brave role in defending our issues specifically at the rostrum of the Security Council.”
The group includes Arab UN states with the exception of Syria, whose membership was suspended when it was frozen out of the Arab League.
This comes despite a statement by Arab League Secretary General Nabil Al-Araby, who has voiced support for Saudi Arabia’s decision. He expressed hope that it would trigger efforts to reform the UNSC, according to KUNA news agency.
Saudi Arabia’s decision marks the first time in history that an elected state has rejected membership to the 15-nation body.
Diplomats have said that Washington would like its key regional
ally to keep the seat, Reuters reported.
Announcing its decision to decline membership, the Saudis
condemned what they called “international double
standards” on the Middle East and demanded reforms within the
Security Council. Riyadh mentioned the Syrian civil war and the
Palestinian-Israeli conflict as examples of the UNSC’s failures
to ensure world peace. It also cited its inability to transform
the Middle East into a zone free of weapons of mass destruction -
an apparent reference to Israel’s alleged stockpile of nuclear,
chemical, and biological weapons.
Moscow, which holds a permanent seat at the Security Council, stressed that it was “puzzled” by the argument, which the Gulf state provided in order to justify its “unprecedented” move.
“Reproaches to the UN Security Council in the context of the
Syrian crisis sound particularly strange, as the Security Council
unanimously adopted Resolution 2118, which forms the legal
framework for a comprehensive settlement of the conflict in
Syria,” Russia’s Foreign Ministry explained.