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​German village threatened by brown coal mining

Published time: February 25, 2014 15:29

Atterwasch village, Germany (Still from RT video)

Download video (28.92 MB)

The tiny German village of Atterwasch (population: 241) near Poland may soon disappear from the map once and for all. Swedish energy giant Vattenfall is looking to relocate the villagers to strip-mine the ground underneath for brown coal.

According to Energiebilanzen, an association of energy lobbies and research institutes that monitors energy consumption, last year the amount of energy produced from coal in Germany rose to its highest since the 1990s.

That's despite a national campaign to shift to greener sources of energy and move Germans to renewable energy. But things changed after Germany hastily closed 40 percent of its nuclear capacity in 2011, in response to the Fukushima disaster.

Germany currently gets nearly 25 percent of its electricity from solar and wind, with the goal of 80 percent renewables by 2050. Given that weather-dependent means of renewable energy production, such as solar and wind power, are unreliable, Germany is determined to fill in the growing power gaps with the help of coal.

Janschwalde in East Germany, where the second-largest brown coal power plant in operation in the country is located (Still from RT video)

The estimated 250 million tons of brown coal is threatening to wipe Atterwasch and two neighboring villages in eastern Germany off the map.

More than 900 villagers are at risk of being displaced, according to RT's Lucy Kafanov, who visited the place. The Swedish energy giant wants to double the size of an open cast mine in the area.

Vattenfall, which owns four of the "dirty 30" most polluting power stations in Europe, needs more lignite (brown coal) for its power plant. Residents have launched a campaign to keep the diggers at bay, but there may not be enough energy to keep up the fight.

"Our legislation protects the interests of coal mining industry. And the coal industry managed to convince politicians that if the country abandons coal there’ll be major problems with electricity supply," Thomas Burchardt, a spokesperson for local initiative Klinger Runde told RT.

Resident of Atterwasch Ulrich Schulz, farmer (Still from RT video)

Some residents fear that history may be repeating itself. Thousands of villages in this region were resettled after WWII, when the communist government depended on brown coal to power its cities and factories.

"It makes me furious, just furious," Atterwasch resident Rolanol Lehmann told RT. “First the government comes in and starts developing alternative sources of energy and now we've come back to brown coal. I feel very disillusioned. We simply cannot go back to old practices.”

A definitive decision has yet to be made on the residents’ fate. Although the Swedish company has pledged to recreate Atterwasch elsewhere, for most villagers surrendering their land is not an option.

"My ancestors fought in the 30-year war with Sweden in the 17th century and they defended this land. And I will also stand firm and fight for my land," Ulrich Schulz, whose family has owned a farm in Atterwasch since 1560, told RT.

"I cannot imagine what happens if I lose this battle," he said.

Comments (4)


Jeffrey Michel 06.03.2014 08:30

I was evicted from the community of Heuersdorf in 2008 by the then American-owned MIBRAG mining company. It proved impossible to defend the village with arguments on climate protection. I prepared the study "Status and Impacts of the German Lignite Industry" that included the historical reasons for the country's critical dependence on this fuel.


Tobias S 03.03.2014 16:54

I love how they managed to squeeze in just how malevolent the Swedes are. I´m not sure weather to be amused or concerned.

Sweden spent a huge amount of taxes to create a company that could produce electricity in a green and efficient manor for SWEDEN. Then EU came along and it was decided that should sell said production to a common pool from where Swedish consumers would later buy the energy back through local energy distributors, for competitive European prices. This lead to Vattenfall becoming a very rich company while the Swedish tax payers got to pay double for their electricity.

Life just isnt fair!


abinico arts 25.02.2014 23:53

The energy industry is run by Satanists - until you understand that you will never be able to fight them effectively.

View all comments (4)
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