Germany's intelligence services and the US’ CIA cooperated for several years to collect a suspected Jihadists database. Code named PX, it included info on German Islamists, Der Spiegel reported.
According to the weekly magazine, Germany's intelligence agencies Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND), and Verfassungsschutz (BfV) along with the CIA cooperated on what was codenamed "Project 6".
The three agencies monitored and collected data on Islamists and
suspected terrorists in Germany. In 2005 “Project 6” was based in
the western town of Neuss, where the services jointly rented
premises. However, later the group moved to Cologne.
The Der Spiegel did not name its sources, but reported that the BND confirmed the existence of the so-called "Project 6" and the database named "PX", but said the cooperation with the CIA ended in 2010.
Despite being tasked with collecting data of suspected jihadists,
terrorist supporters and people with Islamist background, the
database also included the name, date of birth and passport
number of a German investigative journalist, Stefan Buchen.
He used to work for the NDR public broadcaster and is also known
to have contacted an Islamist preacher in Yemen and visited
Afghanistan on a number of occasions.
Commenting on the report, Germany's Federal Data Protection Commissioner, Peter Schaar, gave assurances that he was not aware of such a database, but has criticized the apparent lack of transparency. However, he said “PX” is “at least comparable” to an anti-terror database, to which dozens of German authorities have had access since 2007.
In early July, Edward Snowden, a former CIA employee and NSA contractor,
accused Germany and the US of partnering in spy intelligence
operations, revealing a close cooperation between the two
countries, despite Chancellor Angela Merkel’s denial of any
knowledge of NSA’s tactics. Also back in July, Der Spiegel
reported that the German Federal Intelligence
Service, the BND and NSA work very closely together.