The era of prescription-free pain killers and cough medicines in Russia will end in June 2012.
The legislation proposed by Russia's Drug Control Service applies to all medicines containing codeine.
These are being used by drug addicts to create deadly chemical cocktails known as "crocodiles."
These cocktails, injected as a cheap and highly-addictive heroin substitute, can cause severe brain damage and literally kill users within two years of use.
Only 1 percent of people who try the homemade drug are able to kick the habit.