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Historama, March 22

Published time: March 22, 2010 23:03
Edited time: March 22, 2011 22:32

Tonight’s Historama is all about people - or rather, their words - that changed Russian history.

Secret of Lenin’s will

Today in 1924, Lenin’s wife Nadezhda Krupskaya released some notes Lenin had made for an address to the Bolshevik Party which later become known as “Lenin’s will.”

The “will” contained Lenin’s ideas about the future of the country and his private opinions about members of the party, including Stalin, whom he described as rude and incapable of ruling.

Those negative comments, however, were suppressed to protect the authority of the party and people quickly forgot Lenin’s will – until it was released in full under Khrushchev’s de-Stalinization drive.

Read more about this event in Russian history in our “Russia Now” section

Art becomes political tool

Today in 1932, Soviet socialist writer and political activist Maxim Gorky published a pamphlet called, "Masters of culture, who are you with?"

Read more about Maxim Gorky on Russiapedia

The question was addressed to Russian intellectuals and dissidents, whom Gorky accused of failing to depict the reality of the Soviet Union.

Gorky argued that the working class should be a major source of inspiration to writers and artists, and that ignoring it would bring hatred and oblivion.

The article's title became a catchphrase used to identify the political and ideological positions of cultural workers.

­World’s heaviest plane sets offs to the stars

­Today in 1989 the Soviet strategic aircraft An-225 broke 110 world records during one flight.

The most important of them was reaching a speed of 505 mph carrying a payload of 156 tons around a circuit of 2,000 km. Twelve years later, the aircraft beat another record lifting 253.82 tons of cargo.

The heaviest plane on Earth, the An-225 was originally designed to transport the Buran – the Soviet space shuttle.

The workhorse of the Russian fleet can carry cargo once thought impossible to be carried by air, such as locomotives and power plant generators.

The aircraft is in the Guinness Book of Records for its total of 240 records.