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Afghan drugs are still a major global problem

Dr Alexander Yakovenko, Russian Ambassador to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Deputy foreign minister (2005-2011).

Published time: June 30, 2014 14:44
An Afghan man works on a poppy field in Jalalabad province (Reuters)

A few days ago under Russian presidency the UN Security Council held a discussion on the situation in Afghanistan, with particular focus on the production of illicit drugs in the country.

As a result, the president of the Security Council issued a statement. Illicit drug trafficking remains a significant threat to international peace and stability and Russia is committed to countering this threat on a national and international level.

According to World Drug Report 2013, Afghanistan remains one of the foremost sources for opiates and cannabis resin. The United Nations Office on Drug and Crime states that Afghanistan had increased the area under poppy cultivation by 36 percent from 154,000 hectares in 2012 to 209,000 hectares in 2013. With a crop yield of some 5,500 tons, Afghanistan accounted for up to 80 percent of global opium production. The increase in opium cultivation, trafficking and consumption continues to cause serious harm to the stability, security, social and economic development and governance of Afghanistan, and creates major international problems. It creates fertile ground for terrorism and transnational organized crime, money-laundering, trafficking in illicit drugs and illegal arms to flourish. This situation underlines the need to enhance coordination of efforts at subregional, regional, national and international levels in order to strengthen a global response to this serious challenge and, in particular, to end ties between international terrorism and illicit drugs.

Russia has put a lot of effort into the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), identifying illicit financial flows linked to Afghan drug production and trafficking. The country also trains Afghan law enforcement officers on combating illicit drugs at the Domodedovo Police Academy of Russia.

An Afghan drug addict smokes heroin in the city of Herat. (AFP Photo/Aref Karim)

Russia welcomes the efforts of the government of Afghanistan in fighting drug production. At the same time, Kabul should make this fight its top priority. The Afghan government has been tasked, with the assistance of the international community, to accelerate the implementation of the National Drug Control Strategy, and this includes alternative livelihood programs. Russia also calls on the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to further effectively support, within its designated responsibilities, Afghan-led sustained efforts to address drug production and trafficking, in cooperation with relevant international and regional agencies. Unfortunately, at this stage the ISAF is not doing enough in this regard.

It is highly important to combine the efforts of the existing regional and international cooperation and coordination mechanisms, in order to develop an integrated, comprehensive and balanced response to the drug problem, as part of a long-term security, development and institution-building agenda. The continued commitment of international organizations, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Collective Security Treaty Organization will go a long way to helping the situation.

Russia underlines the importance of the counter-narcotics issue for the United Nations’ engagement in Afghanistan, and a priority element of a common strategy to build a stable, safe and prosperous country.

The statements, views and opinions expressed in this column are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of RT.

Comments (3)


camedwardo 16.07.2014 20:46

The sadest thing about this all, is that the US during the late 70's and early 80's actually encouragaed the large scale production of Opium by the Mujahadeen. This encouragment was meant to solidify a solid and sustainable income for the Mujahadeen groups(it is important to note are not all one). The same groups that where encouraged to grow Poppy eventually became members of Taliban(another story for another day) along with the consistent opium income. Its funny how the U.S then came in early 2000 and began destroying the very fields of Opium and even the less profitable Cannabis. Very interesting to say the least.


snidelaw 01.07.2014 00:32

Drugs are bad mkay? Laws are good mkay.


Rasputin 30.06.2014 15:26

Well, politics and power, a tough business I suppose.
I think if I were in charge of the government, I would just seize all the privately owned land upon which drugs are grown, and hire farmers to plant whatever food and grain crops can be grown, or forage for animals. When the crops come in, the landowner can be paid a percentage for the use of his land, but the practice would continue until he stops growing drugs.
Maybe vineyards for wine might be allowed, or grain for alcohol.

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