May 15th has been declared a global day of solidarity for fast food workers in 150 US cities and 33 countries who held rallies in an effort to boost the minimum wage to $15 per hour and other demands.
For more on the global day of action, check out RT's live updates
While embracing globalization has led to massive profits for the
fast food giants and their top executives, the phenomenon also
has the power to unite hungry workers from around the world in
their quest for a fair living wage and democratic representation.
Spanning five continents, the global movement brought together thousands of employees from the industry’s heavy hitters who have not only revolutionized the way the world eats, but are now an integral part of the labor market: McDonalds, Burger King, Wendy’s and KFC.
About 100 people gathered in Manhattan, with more expected later in the day. “We’re here fighting for our minimum wage - $15 an hour, respect in the workplace.” Sabrina Storey, a fast food worker at the rally, told RT’s Anastasia Churkina.
Things have changed since the beginning of the Great Recession, protesters in the US said. Fast food workers are no longer teenagers trying to make an extra buck, but, in fact, adults who are struggling to feed their families while the giant corporations behind the industry make billions of dollars every year.
“The majority of us fast food workers are the ages of 20 and up. And you gotta remember, most of us are single parents who have kids,” one striker said.
The one day strike is the latest in a series of demonstrations in the last 18 months, which have targeted fast food outlets.
“We’re going to keep coming out, and we’re going to keep supporting this course until we get what we came out here for, which is for $15 [dollars an hour] and a union,” fast food worker Amber Graham said. Protesters said they’re going to keep coming out onto the street until their voices are heard by the companies they work for and by lawmakers, and until real change is implemented in the US.
In the UK, workers were also demanding an end to zero-hours contracts, a type of employment clause used in Britain, where a worker has very few employment rights and is at the mercy of their employer as to the hours they work and their pay. They also seek to raise the minimum wage to £10 an hour.
The minimum wage in the United Kingdom depends on a person’s age: Those under 18 earn a minimum of £3.72 an hour, while those aged 18 to 21 earn £5.03 and those 21 and over earn at least £6.31 an hour. Apprentices aged 16 to 18 and those aged 19 or over who are in their first year only earn £2.68 an hour.
“[£10 an hour] is one of our demands, and it’s a demand we’re asking of the government, not just the McDonald’s, that you have a legal right to between £8.50 and £10 an hour,” a London protester told RT’s Sara Firth.
“Labour at the moment have said that they give tax breaks to companies that offer £8.30 an hour, which is the London living wage, which is about £2 higher than the minimum wage is at the moment. But they don’t make it mandatory. I’ve lived in the city all my life, and you can’t afford to live in the city really even on £8.20 an hour.”
About 25 people took to the streets in London’s Trafalgar Square.Though their numbers were small, the protester said they could still make a difference. “It took a long time for America to take off as well, and all these things usually start small,” he said. “And it’s about how it’s going on all over the world as well. It’s not just about here today. It’s about America, Asia, it’s about everyone all over the world.”
Ron Oswald, general secretary of the International Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers’ Associations (IUF), said US fast food workers had inspired employees in the industry around the world to join them “in a fight for higher pay and better rights on the job.”
The IUF represents 12 million workers in 126 countries, and Oswald believes the movement is only beginning to gain popularity.
— Low Pay Is Not OK (@LowPayIsNotOK) May 15, 2014
“This is just the beginning of an unprecedented international fast food worker movement — and this highly profitable global industry better take note," he said in a statement..
The global day of protest comes on the same day McDonald’s employees in California, Michigan, and New York filed class-action lawsuits against the hamburger chain – which serves an estimated 68 million customers daily in 119 countries - alleging the company is making employees work off the clock, refusing to pay overtime and even charging employees to have their uniforms cleaned.
“We’ve uncovered several unlawful schemes, but they all share a common purpose – to drive labor costs down by stealing wages from McDonald’s workers,” Michael Rubin of Altshuler Berzon LLP, the lawyer who filed the California suits, said in a media statement announcing the suits. “These McDonald’s workers have courageously stepped forward to shine a light on these illegal practices, and already we’ve begun to hear from several co-workers with similar wage theft claims.”
The lawsuits, the latest in a series of attempts to attract public awareness to the issue of low wages and poor benefits, got a boost following the release of a study in October that showed US fast-food workers rely on $7 billion annually in taxpayer-funded federal aid in the form of food stamps, Medicare, and other social programs (conducted by University of Illinois and the University of California and Berkeley.)
The study also provided the shocking data that people working in
the fast-food industry are more likely to live in or near
poverty. One in five families with a member holding a fast-food
job has an income below the poverty line, and 43 percent have an
income two times the federal poverty level or less.
Presently, median hourly wages are stuck at $8.69 per hour, with just 13 percent of workers qualified to receive employment-related health benefits.
— Kate Thomas (@KateThomas) May 15, 2014
Meanwhile, the families of more than half of all full-time fast food employees who work 40 or more hours per week are enrolled in public assistance programs.
Following the devastating Global Recession that rolled across the planet in 2007, leading to millions of job losses, banker bailouts and harsh austerity measures, many people have come to rely on low-wage employment to keep food on the table. However, as the data shows, many individuals and families simply cannot afford to pay the bills with current salaries.
Thursday’s strike is just the latest wave of worker discontent to hit the industry. Over the summer, employees from several fast-food companies, including Wendy’s and McDonald’s, repeated their demands for health benefits, a $15 minimum wage and unionization rights.
Meanwhile, efforts to expose the dark side of fast food industry are beginning to bear fruit.
On May 1, Seattle Mayor Ed Murray declared that the city’s minimum wage would be increased to $15 per hour, becoming the highest in the country. The move came in response to a high-profile campaign by newly-elected Socialist Alternative council member Kshama Sawant, whose call for ‘$15 Now’ continues to reverberate in cities across the US.
The federal minimum wage of $7.25 an hour was last raised in 2009. On February 12, President Obama, responding to heat in the fast food kitchen, agreed to raise the minimum wage for federal employees to $10.10 an hour.
It remains to be seen if the president’s political maneuvering in what promises to be a hostile election year will force the fast food corporations to follow suit and give their workers an honest wage.