The only American known to have joined a volunteer unit within the Ukrainian military, fighting the anti-government forces in the country’s east, has been killed in action, authorities confirm.
The killed fighter is Mark Paslawsky, a New York-born 55-year-old
investment banker and US army veteran who took Ukrainian
citizenship just before joining the Donbas battalion - a
volunteer unit fighting alongside Kiev troops - in April. He
adopted codename ‘Franko’ there.
News of his death came in an August 20 Facebook post by Ukrainian Interior Ministry adviser Anton Gerashchenko, who said four fighters of the Donbas battalion died in a battle near the town of Ilovaysk, 35km from Donetsk, eastern Ukraine.
“Among those dead is a Ukrainian citizen of American origin, codename ‘Franko’,” Gerashchenko wrote.
The official says the military managed to take under their control half of Ilovaysk, which has seen some fierce fighting over the last two weeks.
Maksim Dondyuk, a Ukrainian photographer working with the Donbas battalion, witnessed Paslawsky’s last minutes.
"He had three wounds in his back," Dondyuk told VICE News. "He was saying that he was in pain and that he didn't want to die. People were telling him he was going to be OK. I think it might have been possible to save him if we had medevac helicopters or ambulances, but all there was on hand were the battalion medics."
Paslawsky’s family learnt of his death via the internet, according to his brother Nestor, who said that Mark had informed his relatives of his intention to volunteer for the Ukrainian military.
"We were concerned about the situation he was going into, understanding what the theater of operations look like, of course,” Nestor Paslawsky told Radio Free Europe. “We were concerned about this, but I think we were also proud of his decision."
Franko was not the only pseudonym Paslawsky used. He was active on Twitter writing under the moniker ‘Bruce Springnote’. Many of his postings were highly critical of the way the military operation in east Ukraine, which Kiev calls Anti-Terrorist Operation or ATO, was organized.
We know as little as anyone of ATO events. Social media however largely over exaggerates events and numbers
— bruce springnote (@BSpringnote) August 16, 2014
We have guys who who came to ATO without weapons and are still searching Something wrong when country sends guys to fight without weapons
— bruce springnote (@BSpringnote) August 15, 2014
Simon Ostrovsky of Vice News conducted a lengthy interview with Paslawsky two weeks before he died.
It appears Paslawsky was a 1981 graduate of the US Military Academy at West Point, and served in the US Army until the age of 32. He had lived in Kiev and Kharkov, Ukraine, and also in Moscow for many years, working in the financial sector. His latest job was one of independent investment advisor. He joined the Maidan protesters, rallying against then-President Viktor Yanukovich, and for integration with the EU, at the end of 2013.
Franko explained it was his Ukrainian background plus his dissatisfaction with the way the military operation was organized in eastern Ukraine which made him eventually volunteer for the Donbass battalion.
“Given what I saw, the level of incompetence, the corruption,
the lack of activity – I just decided that I needed to go and
participate. If there was ever a time to help Ukraine this was
the time to do it,” he told VICE News.
Ostrovsky says ‘Franko’ was, however, worried of what the volunteer battalions could turn into after the military operation in the east was over. The American-Ukrainian fighter reportedly warned of the need to disband those units before they evolve into dangerous and uncontrollable force.