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Spanish PM: 'No referendum, no independence for Catalonia'

Published time: January 21, 2014 13:25
Demonstrators hold a giant banner and Catalan independentist flags during a protest as part of a campaign for independence from Spain, at the Pedralbes Palace in Barcelona during the first Economic Forum of the Western Mediterranean on October 23, 2013. (AFP Photo)

Demonstrators hold a giant banner and Catalan independentist flags during a protest as part of a campaign for independence from Spain, at the Pedralbes Palace in Barcelona during the first Economic Forum of the Western Mediterranean on October 23, 2013. (AFP Photo)

With calls for Catalonia’s independence on the rise, Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy has told local media there will be no referendum that "puts into question the sovereignty of the Spanish people" while he is head of the center-right government.

"The state is prepared for any scenario that may occur. The law will be enforced. There will be no referendum that calls into question the sovereignty of the Spanish people. There will be no independence of Spanish territory while I'm president [of the government]," Mariano Rajoy said in an interview on Antena 3 TV on Monday.

Last month Catalonia’s regional government set a date for a referendum to vote on whether or not to separate from Spain for November 9. Madrid has condemned the decision as "unconstitutional," and the government of Rajoy pledged to block the referendum. Last week Catalan politicians voted in favor of asking for the right to hold a referendum on independence from Spain, but Madrid has the legal power to say no, with Rajoy expected to use the national parliament and Supreme Court to block any move to hold a referendum.

The autonomous region of Catalonia, whose wealth mainly comes from tourism, is responsible for around a fifth of Spain’s GDP and about a quarter of Spain's taxes. It's the country's most economically productive industrial region, which boasts its own language and a population of about 7.6 million.

"I will work to improve ties that have always united Catalans and Spanish. I will see to it that the law and the Constitution are observed. That's my plan for Catalonia. I guarantee that the president will observe the law and will comply with the law," Rajoy stated in the interview on Monday.

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy (AFP Photo)

Recent years have seen a resurgence in the separatist movement, with calls for independence in a climate of economic woes. A pro-independence rally in Barcelona in September 2012 drew in over 1.5 million people, with the slogan for the demonstration ‘Catalonia: a new European state’. In 2012, polls in support for independence of the northeastern Spanish region ran at over 46 percent, twice as high as in 2008, when the global financial crisis broke out.

In December 2013, a GESOP poll, published in Catalan newspaper El Periodico and based on interviews with 800 people, showed that 74 percent of Catalans believe they should be given a say over their relationship with Spain. The 2014 referendum would run two major questions: "Do you want Catalonia to be a state?" and "Do you want that state to be independent?"

A separate Sigma Dos poll, carried out after separatist parties announced the referendum date and published in Spain's right-leaning El Mundo newspaper in mid- December, showed that 43 percent of Catalans would vote ‘yes’ to Catalonia becoming a state and of that amount, 82 percent would want the state to be independent. Based on interviews with 1,000 people, El Mundo said only 35 percent of Catalans would vote for full independence from Spain, however.

In letters dating from December and made public on January 2, Catalonia’s president, the pro-independence Artur Mas, urged European Union leaders to support a referendum.

"Contrary to some reports, there are a number of legal and constitutional options which allow this referendum to take place in Catalonia," Mas wrote in a letter to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, one of 27 sent to European leaders. "I am confident I can rely on you to encourage the peaceful, democratic, transparent, and European process to which I and a vast majority of the Catalan people are fully committed."

Apart from the letters to EU leaders, Catalonia's regional government has also recently sent 45 memoranda to foreign countries listing its advantages as an export-led economy.

Comments (11)


Jeremy Poole 14.02.2014 10:09

37% have Catalan as their mother tongue, A bug lie. I live here. The Catalans want to vote, the constitution was mad in the shadow of of A facist dictator and cannot be held. I've lived in many countries but none where the government blatently ignores the people. The catalans ere fed up, and who can blame them. Spain let them go and be stronger for it.


Martin DelaneyBoland 25.01.2014 13:39

Madrid has no idea how popular the idea of independence has become in Catalonia. The Partido Popular has been largely responsible for this sentiment by pouring oil on the fire at every chance. If the Catalans want to go they will. How Madrid reacts will determine whether it is like Czechia and Slovakia or Yugoslavia.


Tony Blair 22.01.2014 12:46

We can expect to see another ukraine situation in catalonia then. For the liberal marxists running europe the trend is for independence & nationalism not a federal state as seen with scotland & now catalonia.

View all comments (11)
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