The rule of law in Europe is going through its most severe crisis since the Cold War, a report by the continent’s top human rights and democracy watchdog warns.
Most of the European countries are facing “very worrying”
challenges to human rights, democracies and the rule of law,
Thorbjorn Jagland, Secretary-General of the Council of Europe,
wrote in the report.
They include discrimination against ethnic and national minorities (in 39 out of 47 Council member states); prison overcrowding (30 states); corruption (26 states); ill treatment by police (23 states); as well as restrictions of free expression (eight states).
According to the report, deeply embedded judicial corruption has been identified in “many” European states, with judicial systems in some of them being “completely corrupt.”
“Senior members of the executive branch in some member states have publicly criticized court decisions,” the document added.
Jagland also believes that unemployment and poverty in many countries are pushing the population towards extremism and confrontation.
These problems paved the way for the current crisis in Ukraine, which is in a state of turmoil since ousted President Viktor Yanukovich was ousted in a right-wing coup in February, the report said.
“In Ukraine, the absence of an independent judiciary and lack of the checks and balances which a functioning parliament and free media should provide, allowed endemic corruption and misuse of power to thrive unchecked. This caused mistrust, social unrest and ultimately a revolution,” Jagland wrote.
However, the challenges mentioned in the report aren’t entirely confined to Eastern Europe, but to the Western nations as well, he said.
The names of specific governments weren’t mentioned in the 72-page document, released on Wednesday, in order to avoid risk of a veto from some of the member states, the Guardian newspaper reports.
But each European country was confidentially notified of the three main challenges it’s facing in the opinion of the Council.
The head of the Council of Europe sees more effective monitoring across as one of the ways to improve the state of things on the continent.
Some standards – such as freedom of expression – aren’t specifically monitored, while others – like the status of minorities – are overseen by overlapping bodies, which are too slow to cope with emergencies, he wrote.
According to Jagland, many countries also refrain from seeking help from the Council because it may damage their international reputation.
However, the document stressed that increased monitoring would require more money, with the burden lying on the shoulders of the Council of Europe member states.
Jagland also stressed the need for a pan-European security program, which would defend the rule of law and democracy on the continent, Itar-Tass reports.
The Council of Europe boss wants to hold a summit in 2015 so that the heads of the European states would agree a five-year plan.