Keep up with the news by installing RT’s extension for . Never miss a story with this clean and simple app that delivers the latest headlines to you.

 

Russian satellite hit by ‘space junk’ from destroyed Chinese spacecraft

Published time: March 09, 2013 19:41
Screenshot from video (courtesy of Analytical Graphics, Inc. (www.agi.com)

Screenshot from video (courtesy of Analytical Graphics, Inc. (www.agi.com)

A small Russian spacecraft in orbit appears to have been struck by remnants of a destroyed Chinese satellite. It’s just the second time in history that an active spacecraft has collided with an artificial object while in orbit.

The collision took place between Russia’s Ball Lens in the Space (BLITS) spacecraft and China’s Fengyun 1C satellite, according to the Center for Space Standards & Innovation (CSSI), based in Colorado Springs, Colorado. The collision appears to have occurred on January 22, although it took over a month to determine what exactly hit the craft.  

The Chinese material is considered to be “space junk” left over from when the Chinese craft was destroyed in a 2007 anti-satellite demonstration when the Fengyun 1C was intentionally demolished after exceeding its service life. The debris has posed a threat to satellites and crewed spacecraft ever since, according to Space.com.

China’s anti-satellite defense program aims at destroying satellites in space with the help of a missile, if needed. “It is necessary for China to have the ability to strike US satellites. This deterrent can provide strategic protection to Chinese satellites and the whole country's national security," said a January editorial in China’s state-run Global Times. China has since then conducted another test, in 2010.

The space collision involving BLITS was first reported on February 4 by Russian scientists Vasiliy Yurasov and Andrew Nazarenko, of the Institute for Precision Instrument Engineering (IPIE) in Moscow. They reported a “significant change” in the orbit of the BLITS satellite to CSSI, as well as changes in the spacecraft’s spin velocity and altitude.

"They requested help in determining whether these changes might have been the result of a collision with another object in orbit," CSSI's technical program manager, T.S. Kelso, explained in a blog post on the Analytical Graphics, Inc. website, which analyzed the crash.

Screenshot from video (courtesy of Analytical Graphics, Inc. (www.agi.com)

On February 28, the International Laser Ranging Service (ILRS) confirmed the collision.

“As a result, an abrupt change occurred to the BLITS orbit parameters (a decrease of the orbiting period),” ILRS officials said. The BLITS spin period changed from 5.6 seconds before collision to 2.1 seconds after collision. The craft also experienced a sudden decrease of 120 meters in the semi-major axis of its orbit.

While the BLITS satellite weighs 7.5kg, the weight of the piece that struck it may only be around .08 grams. BLITS is a retroreflector demonstration satellite built for precision satellite laser-ranging experiments. It was launched in 2009 and expected to last five years in space.

It remains unclear whether the satellite is merely damaged or completely non-functioning.

CSSI is continuing to search for answers regarding the collision, such as whether the individual masses of the debris pieces can be determined, in order to assess how large a piece might have come off the BLITS satellite.

The collision marks the second time that an active spacecraft has collided with another artificial object in space. In February 2009, a US communications satellite was hit by a defunct Russian military satellite, creating a large debris cloud in orbit.

The threat of space debris to orbiting satellites and crewed spacecraft is a growing problem. According to NASA, the debris cloud surrounding the earth contains 500,000 objects bigger than a marble and 22,000 larger than a softball. The number of flecks at least 1 millimeter in diameter likely runs into the hundreds of millions.

Illustration of the BLITS nanosatellite (Image from nasa.gov)


Comments (49)

 

mergon 18.04.2014 11:10

The Americans have spent the wealth of their country perfecting ways to destroy the planet and the people on it
Could not we just for once get the rest of the world together and all decide to nuke the violent American off the planet because they are kill us all anyway !


Anonymous user 10.03.2013 18:55

It's hard to be sure if it was Chinese remnants, or just another meteor in the same area.

Anonymous user 10.03.2013 11:52

denial of space is at least a good first step in thwarting the murderous ambitions of these maniacs.

View all comments (49)
Add comment

Authorization required for adding comments

Register or

Name

Password

Show password

Register

or Register

Request a new password

Send

or Register

To complete a registration check
your Email:

OK

or Register

A password has been sent to your email address

Edit profile

X

Name

New password

Retype new password

Current password

Save

Cancel

Follow us