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Syrian govt and opposition ‘both guilty of war crimes’ – UN report

Published time: September 11, 2013 13:48
Edited time: September 11, 2013 15:28
People walk along a damaged street filled with debris in Deir al-Zor September 4, 2013. (Reuters/Khalil Ashawi)

People walk along a damaged street filled with debris in Deir al-Zor September 4, 2013. (Reuters/Khalil Ashawi)

Both the Syrian rebels and government forces are guilty of multiple war crimes, including mass killings and torture, a UN report alleges. Investigators say perpetrators have committed crimes against humanity without any fear of accountability.

"The perpetrators of these violations and crimes, on all sides, act in defiance of international law. They do not fear accountability. Referral to justice is imperative," said the report by the UN commission of inquiry, which is led by Paulo Pinheiro of Brazil. The inquiry is based on 258 interviews and other evidence gathered in the month leading up to July 15.

The document says that both parties have carried out indiscriminate killings of civilians and need to be held responsible for their crimes. However, the inspectors state: “There is no military solution to this conflict.”

“Those who supply arms create but an illusion of victory. A political solution founded upon tenets of the Geneva communiqué is the only path to peace,” said the report, calling on international backers to stop sending weapons into Syria as “they will be used to commit serious violations of international law.”

The document gives evidence of a number of war crimes, including massacre, torture, hostage-taking and unlawful detention.

Free Syrian Army fighters take cover as they exchange fire with regime forces in the Salaheddin neighbourhood of Syria's northern city of Aleppo (AFP Photo/James Lawler Duggan)

On the subject of chemical weapons, the inspectors said they had received numerous reports of such arms being used “predominantly by government forces.” Nevertheless, they write in the report that it is not possible to identify who is behind the attacks using the evidence currently available to them.

“On the evidence currently available, it was not possible to reach a finding about the chemical agents used, their delivery systems or the perpetrators. Investigations are ongoing.”

‘Conflict deadlock’

The UN report describes the conflict as being in a state of deadlock, with both sides seeking victory through military means. As a result of this hostilities have intensified, the UN report says.

“Government forces continue to control major cities and lines of communications, while anti-government armed groups reinforced their presence in large swathes of the northern and eastern governorates, and areas along the Jordanian border.”

In addition, the report draws attention to the increasingly extreme measures used by both opposition forces and government troops in the conflict – including the use of child soldiers in armed combat.

One rebel fighter explained to the inspectors that children were recruited because “they fight with enthusiasm; they are fearless.”

Soldiers loyal to the regime forces sitting on a tank as they patrol in a devastated street of the district of al-Khalidiyah, in the central Syrian city of Homs. (AFP Photo/Sam Skaine)

The UN inspectors also emphasized the fragmented nature of the Syrian opposition and how they have failed to unify around a single objective.

“The efforts of the Supreme Joint Military Command Council were undermined by its inability to centralize logistical support and to integrate existing command networks,” the report says, adding that discord between different groups has led to confrontations over areas and resources. Of particular concern to the UN is the growing influence of radical elements in the opposition, who outrank the “fractious” moderate forces.

On Tuesday, the Syrian government agreed with a Russian proposal to become signatories of the Chemical Weapons Convention, and handing over the government’s stockpile of chemical weapons to international supervisors.

US President Barack Obama, who blames the Assad government for an alleged chemical weapons attack in Ghouta on August 21, hailed the move as “encouraging” on Tuesday. Following the Syrian government’s decision, Obama postponed a vote in Congress to authorize the use of force “while we pursue this diplomatic path.”

Comments (6)

 

Delete This Comment 12.09.2013 06:00

Saied_RF 11.09.2013 15:15

Just mention one case U.N. ! One Case!
Just mention one of the war crimes that the Syrian Army have committed and prove it with Valuable documents. It is just another false Accusation by UN(read it USA and Zionists) just like the chemical Attack.
A Vicious face saving attempt by USA and Zionists.

  


UN investigator Del Ponte put the blame on the "rebels" aka Al Nusra terrorists but since the truth isn't good enough they send the UN a second time in until the US hears what it wants to hear. We all know that all US wars were based on lies.

 

Delete This Comment 12.09.2013 05:52

Perhaps RT is blocking links. In that case google the following: The Forbidden Truth: The U.S. is Channeling Chemical Weapons to Al Qaeda in Syria, Obama is a Liar and a Terrorist

 

SourceKnown! 11.09.2013 19:23

KayteGraves

At all times remember to be armed, with a sense of dark humor.

Huma nity is a rather large basket of eggs, with a whole universe of possibilities moving round about it.

A bit like a bull charging two men, who are armed to the teeth, unfortunately these two men are too busy fighting with each other, to see the threat approaching.

Recently a meteorite almost impacted with Russia, however! luckily it was spectacularly intercepted. Forced into a frozen lake, deviated from it's trajectory as it where!

Wond er who caused that to happen? wouldn't mind seeing that meteorite, any signs of intense heat?

View all comments (6)
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