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​UN calls for maximum transparency in drone killing reports

Published time: March 11, 2014 09:40
John Moore / Getty Images / AFP

John Moore / Getty Images / AFP

All cases of drone attacks in which there is even suspicion of civilian casualties must be investigated and reported with maximum transparency, a UN human rights rapporteur said. The UN identified 30 such cases that require public explanation.

The report by British lawyer Ben Emmerson details 30 attacks out of 37 initially brought to the UN’s attention conducted between 2006 and 2013, "in which there is a plausible indication that civilians were killed or sustained life-threatening injuries, or in which civilian lives were put at immediate risk."

The list of strikes delivered in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia and the Gaza strip is "illustrative rather than exhaustive" and is meant to demonstrate how much evidence the UN considers sufficient to prompt a detailed public report both from the party conducting the attack and the country in which it was conducted.

"The states responsible are under a present and continuing obligation to make public, in as much detail as possible, and subject only to such redaction as are strictly necessary to meet legitimate national security concerns, the results of any fact-finding investigations that have been conducted into the incidents identified in the present section of the report," Emmerson says. "If no fact-finding investigation has so far taken place, the Special Rapporteur considers that the states concerned are under an obligation to indicate this publicly, and provide an explanation."

The report exemplifies the handling of a February 2010 strike by US helicopters in Afghanistan, which killed up to 23 civilians and left 12 injured. The incident was investigated and findings partially declassified, revealing that attack was prompted by misleading situational information provided by crew of a Predator drone in an apparent case of "inaccurate and unprofessional reporting."

"The publication of the investigation report is a model of accountability and transparency and sets a benchmark to be followed in other cases," the UN report says calling on a similar approach taken in the 30 cases in sampled.

People talk to human rights activists next to debris left by a U.S. drone air strike that targeted suspected al Qaeda militants in August 2012, in the al-Qatn district of the southeastern Yemeni province of Hadhramout February 5, 2013. (Reters / Khaled Abdullah)

"It is high time that the US provided full accountability and transparency around its use of drones, and investigated civilian casualties. This report will only increase pressure on the US to bring their covert program out of the shadows," Kat Craig, legal director of the legal charity Reprieve, told the Guardian.

"In Yemen, Pakistan and elsewhere, the US, assisted by its European allies, is carrying out devastating attacks with total impunity – a practice that is terrorizing local communities and creating far more extremism than it has ever eliminated,” he added.

The UN report also updates on its activities since the previous interim report on civilian casualties of drone strikes, which the rapporteur presented in October 2013 and covered the previous year. The latest data indicates that drone use in Pakistan significantly deescalated in 2013, the report says.

"The total number of reported strikes for the year was 27, down from a peak of 128 in 2010. For the first time in nine years, there were no reports of civilian casualties during 2013. At the time of writing, there have been no reported drone strikes during 2014, the longest period without drone strikes since President Obama took office," the UN said, adding that "the cessation in strikes coincides with peace initiatives being pursued between the Government of Pakistan and the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan."

In neighboring Afghanistan on the contrary a previous decreasing trend in frequency of drone strikes was reverted in 2013, with 19 confirmed attacks causing 59 civilian casualties, including 45 fatalities.

"Figures for 2013 indicate that drone strikes accounted for almost 40 percent of the total number of civilian fatalities inflicted as the result of aerial attacks by pro-Government forces." the report said. "As compared with 2012, this represents a threefold increase in the number of recorded civilian casualties from the use of drones by the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)."

Drone attacks in Yemen also intensified in 2013, with a significant number of reported civilian casualties in the final weeks of the year. This was partially due to the December 12 attack, which targeted a wedding ceremony in Al-Bayda province and killed as many as 15 people.

The report marks that there is legal uncertainty over the use of drones outside of battlefields and that there is "an urgent and imperative need" for the international community to come to a consensus on the issue.

The UN gave Emmerson, its special rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, a mandate to conduct his ongoing investigation into the civilian deaths caused by drone strikes in 2012. The results of such attacks fuel resentment in countries suffering from them and, according to experts, serve as a powerful recruitment argument for militant and terrorist groups.

The legality of drone strikes are also in question, with some legal experts saying that they violate international humanitarian law and, in some cases, laws of the perpetrating nations, as the targets of the drones are denied the right for fair trial.

Comments (8)


Ellis Sonatchi 13.03.2014 01:25

Regarding war in general:

No war is pretty
People are going to die
There’ll be blood on the hands
Of a man, woman and child

Blood in the liquid form
Or the scars on the mind
No war is pretty
People are going to die

The fighting of the battles
Is the middle of the fight
As opposed to the bargaining’s
O r bombs in the night.

Tank s and tanks aero planes
Submarine s on the seas
No war is pretty
Death for you and me

First go the brothers
Laying dead on the land
Mothers crying, sisters sighing
All of them wondering why

No war is pretty
civil or another land

No war is pretty
Whose drone was that?


TP ZX42 11.03.2014 20:39

That expression that corporate people use about transparency always makes me laugh...

Th ey say transparent process: does it mean we'll never see the truth, since the truth is transparent, that law enforcement, justice, military, are transparent, living in their Walhala up there... Or doe it mean they'll put the truth in a bay window...

T hat expression has a double equilibria attached to it which is typical of Western thinking...


Free_DrVojislavSeselj 11.03.2014 18:09

It's fascinating how this leader of NATO and "the free world" is really isolated on so many political and moral issues.

As one of the greatest violators of human rights and international law since WW2 this should hardly surprise.

View all comments (8)
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