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World Bank estimate of 1 bln people in poverty 30% ‘too low’

Published time: April 11, 2014 15:46
AFP Photo / Rodger Bosch

AFP Photo / Rodger Bosch

The current international poverty line of $1.25 per day used by the World Bank is “too low” and “artificial,” say researchers from Bristol University, adding that the total number of poor people worldwide would increase by 30 percent in future.

The World Bank’s “estimates are flawed” as the organization hasn’t used “different poverty measures” and only explores one angle of the problem – financial, says the study, called “The mis-measurement of extreme global poverty: A case study in the Pacific Islands,” published in Journal of Sociology.

“There is considerable controversy surrounding the ‘dollar a day’ measure used to monitor progress against the Millennium Development Goals,” adds the research, which was carried out together with specialists at the Australian National University, UNICEF Pacific and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

“Thus, the tighter definition of poverty used by the World Bank tends to lead to a better-looking poverty trend, because the poverty line is too low the trend it reports is too rosy,” adds the study.

The paper urges the World Bank to examine “non-monetary forms of disadvantage and deprivation for families, adults and children.” Researchers looked deeper at those living on the Pacific island state of Vanuatu by taking into account shelter, sanitization, water, information, nutrition, health and education to build up a more comprehensive picture of poverty, deprivation and inequality.

"If the World Bank had, in fact, used a poverty line grounded in basic needs, rather than its present artificial one which only looks at one monetary measure, the total number of poor people in the world would increase substantially, perhaps by as much as 30 percent,” says Christopher Deeming from University of Bristol in Britain, the author of the research paper.

According to the study, a much greater proportion, 17 percent, lives in poverty defined by the national food and basic needs poverty line, while 16 percent of children suffer from absolute poverty.

As defined by the international dollar a day measure “for Vanuatu as a whole, 5.4 percent of children are below the global poverty line,” says the report.

Meanwhile, children in this region also suffer from “more severe” deprivations as significant proportions of the population under age 17 experience such problems as poor health (65 percent), information (55 percent), shelter (44 percent) and sanitation (38 percent).

“Methodologically, the results show that measurement issues are extremely important and that different approaches can have a substantial impact on the level of poverty and deprivation measured and identified,” says the report.

The report also reacted to the target set by the World Bank for ending extreme poverty in the world within a generation, by 2030.

Comments (12)


DoAskDoTell 12.04.2014 15:21

24/7 Fear/Hate/Blood Gossip/Money Magic/Consumer Culture/ the top 10 whatever list of "western-approv al" games/ keeping up with the Jones, proxy wars on everything the 99% can come up with but the 1% will benefit... LOL

endless BAITS & Switchs for Austerity Regime of mabsters o.t.univ. LOL

Fearful Helpless Eternally Dazed&Confuzed Numbskulls can NOT even see the giant elephant LOL

Artificial scarcity/abundance; the subsidized "western wasteful lifestyle" need to find another planet to fit their garages/landfills... of primitive accumulation!

We are the ones we have been waiting for... to grow up! LOL


DoAskDoTell 12.04.2014 13:33

Debt Dollar Hegemony
=> WB/IMF/Fed/ECB are for "extracting&quo t; everything,
espe cially with their exponentially exploding usury math => new Monopoly corporate fascist regime "Austerity" ; with neo-Nazi Nato smashing our home ecology

... while peddling *hopes*...
showi ng off a few crumbs to their NGOs, *picture perfect slavery*, fake GPD, subsidized industrialization based on oil intensive wastes... landfills

B ait & Switch and "freedom" for whom?LOL


Pete B 11.04.2014 23:55

NGOs giving billions in "aid" to countries where people live on $1 a day creates systemic corruption and waste as we now see in Africa, without helping those who need it. True aid would be helping people to farm and live sustainable lives so they don't need to return for more "aid", but that strategy doesn't plug it's victims into globalization where they serve as an ATM like westerners so it won't happen as long as the evil of capitalism persists.

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