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Canada is US key to the Arctic

Michel Chossudovsky is an award-winning author, professor of economics, founder and director of the Centre for Research on Globalization, Montreal and editor of the website.

Published time: September 25, 2013 15:20
Plywood buildings used to house participants have the flags of Canada, the British Royal Navy, and the United states draped on their side at the Applied Physics Lab Ice Station in the Arctic north of Prudhoe Bay, Alaska (Reuters / Lucas Jackson)

Despite having little polar territory of its own, the US will use its close ties to Canada to secure a bigger slice of the Arctic’s vast natural resources, Michel Chossudovsky, director of the Centre for Research on Globalization, told RT.

The battle for the oil and gas riches around the North Pole is heating up, with the eight Arctic Council nations – Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the US – looking for a bigger piece of the pie.  

But even some countries with no territory in the region, such as China and India, have managed to achieve observer status in the Arctic Council.

All of the Arctic Council states have sent delegations to the third International Arctic Forum, which kicked off in Russia's Salekhard on September 24.

The director of the Centre for Research on Globalization, Michel Chossudovsky, believes that the US will establish military bases and promote the interests of its companies in the Arctic to increase its influence in the region.

RT: Just how hot could things get over the Arctic with so many nations vying to lay their hands on its estimated 20 plus percent of the world's oil and gas?

Michel Chossudovsky: We have to look at the issue of the claims, the territorial claims. The strategic interests are significant because it’s estimated that Arctic region has something in the order of 25 per cent of global oil and gas reserves. But we should understand that the US transpolar territory is much smaller than that of Russia, Canada and Denmark. And in fact the US doesn’t really have territories bordering… or very limited territories bordering the Arctic Ocean. And we have to distinguish between the territories above the Arctic Circle, which is the imaginary line at the 66th parallel, and the actual Arctic Ocean and there what happens is we have Canada, Denmark and Russia, which are the main countries, which actually have territories there.

How does the US get round this? It’s not a member of the UNCLOS, the UN Convention on the Law on the Sea, and therefore it can file official claims for extended continental shelf. And, in fact, I don’t think it intends to do that, because if you look at the geography Alaska is only a little bit above the Arctic Circle. But how does it get around it is through the militarization of North America and its alliance, particularly with Canada, but also with Denmark and Norway. And the establishment of what is called ‘Maritime NORAD.’ This goes back to 2002 when [US Secretary of Defense Donald] Rumsfeld, actually, claimed the whole region under the US Northern Command. 

RT: Moscow won't be giving its slice of the pie to anyone, for sure. Earlier this month, President Putin ordered the rebuilding of a military base in the Novosibirsk Islands. How much of a player is Russia trying to be in the region?

MC: I think Russia has legitimate claims to that area in view of its geography with a large portion of its territory above the Arctic Circle and territories within the Arctic Ocean itself. But the US is now building integration with Canada under the North American Union, which constitutes means to extend its so-called sovereignty over Canada’s Arctic territories. And under US Northern Command, of which Canada is unofficially a member, Canada accepts the right of US to deploy troops and naval forces extending into its Arctic territories.

And so the issue of territorial rights over the Arctic will eventually, in my opinion, will go through deep integration between Canada and the US and the so-called North American Union. And the strategic partnership, which eventually will extend its jurisdiction up onto the North Pole. That’s really the issue, it’s a confrontation between Russia and the US and its partners, NATO partners in a new battle for oil and gas. And there we’re talking about militarization, establishment of military bases, and extension of oil and gas companies going up to the Arctic and, of course, it has devastating environmental implications.

The statements, views and opinions expressed in this column are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of RT.

Comments (9)


Paul Eduard 03.10.2013 13:29

The people in Toronto, Ontario, Quebec and Canada need to buck up. Traditionally Ontario and Quebec is a very strong political region with outstanding political individuals that have the ability to lead the US and control the aspirations of the US. In fact, though they are modest, this part of Canada is a legitimate leader and center of North America. The leadership for the development for the Arctic is much more suited to come from here than Washington. ... "We stand on guard for thee, the True North strong and free, Oh Canada".


Enrique 28.09.2013 11:00

They just have to follow the example of the North Sea oil.

Every country in the North Sea agrees with its slice.


JTToronto 26.09.2013 11:20

Even contemplating this means game over for the environment. I fear for the future of humans and I don't think we have the capacity to change. The arctic needs to be left alone but I don't think it will happen.

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