Keep up with the news by installing RT’s extension for . Never miss a story with this clean and simple app that delivers the latest headlines to you.


​‘Egypt’s draft constitution represents interests of Mubarak’s defunct regime’

Published time: January 14, 2014 21:41
An Egyptian man holds a portrait of Egypt's Defence Minister General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi outside a polling station during the vote on a new constitution on January 14, 2014 in Giza, Cairo (AFP Photo / Mahmoud Khaled)

Eleven people have died and 28 have been injured in violent clashes in Egypt on the first day of voting on a new constitution. The vote is likely to spawn a presidential bid by General Abdel Fattah Sisi, expert on Islamic movements, Azzam Tamimi, told RT.

The third referendum of its kind in three years is illegitimate from a legal point of view, says the expert, as the draft constitution strengthens institutions that defied democratically elected Islamist president Mohamed Morsi, ousted by the military last July.

Egyptians are already seeing the freedoms achieved after 2011 revolution being taken away from them, believes Tamimi.

RT: Egyptians are being asked to vote for their third constitution in as many years. Is this latest one going to be the panacea to all the ills in Egypt?

Azzam Tamimi: This constitution represents the interests of those who are disaffected by the 25 January 2011 revolution in Egypt. It’s mainly the military and the corrupt business community associated with the military, and some of those who lost in every single election that was conducted fairly since the ousting of President Mubarak of the defunct regime. And therefore this constitution is just one in a series of measures that are considered – from a purely legal point of view – to be illegal and illegitimate.

RT: The Muslim Brotherhood – a terrorist organization, of course, it’s been branded as we know – has boycotted this latest vote. Is that a smart move on their behalf? Are they alienating themselves further?

AT: Of course, if you believe that this constitution, as I have just said, is one measure in a series of measures that are the product of an illegitimate coup, a seizure of power, then you wouldn’t participate in it. Many of the people – probably all the people – that go to the polling stations today will have to vote ‘yes’, because those who were intending to vote ‘no’, had already been intimidated. Police force, intelligence services, the army – all this has been deployed in order to make sure that as many people as possible will come to say ‘yes’ to this constitution, rather than say ‘no’.

A woman fills in a ballot paper as she votes on a new constitution at a polling station in the coastal Egyptian city of Alexandria on January 14, 2014 during the vote (AFP Photo / Mohamed Abdelaziz)

RT: But if not this, then what, in its place?

AT: Well, a return to legitimacy. Egypt had an accident revolution, and then it had a transition to democratization. What we see today is a destruction of the democratic process in Egypt, and only a return to genuine democracy will stabilize the country and will guarantee future prosperity.

RT: But how is that going to happen?

AT: Those who committed the crimes against humanity in Egypt will have to be called to account; the perpetrators of the coup are criminals in the eyes of the law; and the Egyptian people must restore their will and their free choice.

RT: And I suppose you see this as paving the way then for General Sisi to come to power here – this constitution – no other way for it.

AT: Indeed, indeed, every single legal expert who I have heard analyze the constitution, talk about the fact that this constitution is a launching pad for Sisi to become the next president of Egypt. This as a repeat of what happened in Chile in 1973, when the CIA and Pinochet conspired together in order to remove the first democratically elected president of Chile.

RT: One of the very controversial points about this constitution is that it lets military tribunals try civilians – that’s hardly got a place in what you’d call a normal democratic setup. How worried are the people of Egypt about that particular clause?

AT: They are already very worried – this was one of main achievements of January 25 revolution, and now this is being taken away, like so many other things. There are already tens of thousands of people behind bars, many of them have not even been tried properly. And most of them are simply behind bars because they oppose the coup against democracy.

Comments (3)


finnsa 15.01.2014 13:49

How can voting "yes" for a constitution that gives equal rights to women, protects minority groups (Christians etc) and bans fanatical religious parties be a bad thing? Religion has no place in politics and Morsi abused the power afforded to him by the Egyptian people when he systematically removed their rights and turned Egypt into an Islamist State. I hope to see Egypt prosper under a truly democratic secular government.


Lahcen Oizaz 15.01.2014 10:17

Proud Atheist 15.01.2014 04:46

Religion is opium, and Islam is by far the worst of them as other religions do not interfere in the function of the society (NOW).

The Muslim Brothers are a reflection of a society believing that life now should be run the same way as in the Middle ages.

The Army in Turkey should bring down the terrorist Erdogan too.


Re ligion is essential for humanity. Without it, humans will destroy themselves out of despair and fear. Yes many wars are supposedly fought because of religion but in fact it is all because of economics. Follow the money to see trough.


Regula 15.01.2014 08:29

The coup was financed by KSA and the US. KSA couldn't have acted without US approval. It is a repeat of the Pinochet era. Israel also has its hands in it. They are the three nations who prefer despots rather than democratically elected leaders.

Add comment

Authorization required for adding comments

Register or



Show password


or Register

Request a new password


or Register

To complete a registration check
your Email:


or Register

A password has been sent to your email address

Edit profile



New password

Retype new password

Current password



Follow us

Follow us