Six countries have broken the ice and won Arctic Council observer status at the latest conference. Melting Arctic ice is exciting countries remote from the region, seeking access to promising hydrocarbon deposits and new logistics routes.
A Chinese shipping company is planning the state’s first commercial voyage though the Nothern Sea Route to the United States and Europe in 2013. By 2020 China could transfer up to 15% of the country's international trade through the Arctic.
The primary goal of the US plans to bolster missile defense in Alaska isn’t about tackling a North Korean threat, but putting a claim on the natural resources of the Arctic, former MI5 intelligence officer, Annie Machon, explained in an interview RT.