A US military judge has found Army private Bradley Manning "not guilty" of aiding the enemy. However, he was found guilty of 20 remaining charges, meaning that he still faces the possibility of up to 136 years behind bars.
Sitting in the military courtroom at Fort Meade, Md., Colonel Denise Lind delivered her verdict shortly after 1 p.m. EDT on Tuesday. Manning had chosen to put all his faith in the judge, rather than a panel of his peers – a risky gamble that initially seemed to pay off for the 25-year-old Army intelligence analyst – the charge could have carried a life sentence without parole.
However, Manning still faces
the possibility of up to 136 years behind bars, having been found
guilty of six charges of espionage, five counts of theft, and
four counts of embezzlement of government property. In total,
Judge Lind found him guilty of 20 of the 22 offenses he could
have been charged with. Manning was found not guilty of espionage
for the release of the infamous "Collateral Murder"
Guilty of almost everything BUT aiding the enemy.— Andrew Blake (@apblake) July 30, 2013
Manning's family issued a statement saying that while they are
"obviously disappointed in today’s verdicts, we are happy that
Judge Lind agreed with us that Brad never intended to help
America’s enemies in any way." Wikileaks expressed a
similar sentiment but still aired disappointment at Manning's
“Well, of course I’m pleased that the judge decided to throw out the most serious charges of aiding the enemy, which of course was ludicrous” Kristinn Hrafnsson, WikiLeaks spokesman, told RT. “One isn’t filled with any optimism. Last week, the judge allowed the prosecution to change some of the charges on the last day of the trail.”
Sentencing begins on Wednesday at 9:30am. Some 40 witnesses will be called for this stage of the process, meaning it could potentially take the whole of August to finalize his penalty. The extent of the punishment he could still face has roused upset from human rights and justice organizations.
"The US government has refused to investigate credible allegations of torture and other crimes under international law despite overwhelming evidence...yet they decided to prosecute Manning who it seems was trying to do the right thing – reveal credible evidence of unlawful behavior by the government," said Amnesty International's Senior Director of International Law and Policy, Widney Brown, in a statement shortly after the verdict was read.
“The Espionage Act itself is a discredited relic of the WWI era, created as a tool to suppress political dissent and antiwar activism, and it is outrageous that the government chose to invoke it in the first place against Manning,” said the Center for Constitutional Rights in a statement.
“We now live in a country where someone who exposes war crimes can be sentenced to life even if not found guilty of aiding the enemy, while those responsible for the war crimes remain free,” it admonished.
Index on Censorship also jumped to condemn the guilty verdicts, saying that Manning "leaked files in order to inform the world about what really happened during the Iraq War to no personal gain." Sean Gallagher, its editor, urged the court to "show leniency" when sentencing Manning tomorrow.
Protesters rallying in support of the whistleblower gathered outside the Military Recruiting Office on Tuesday, holding signs and posters that described Manning as a hero. Chanting “Free Bradley Manning” and “Three Years is Enough,” the activists stood outside the Fort Meade courtroom in the hours leading up to the verdict.
In the days leading up to the verdict, celebrities, public thinkers and European Parliamentarians all voiced support for Manning and urged the president to free him. Over the weekend, protesters in 40 cities throughout the world took part in an “International Day of Action” to call for Manning’s liberation. “Exposing war crimes is not a crime,” and “Bradley Manning: hero not criminal,” were some of the bold statements displayed on the signs. Wearing “truth” t-shirts and waving signs, the group of loyal "truth-activists" proclaimed their respect for the young Army intelligence analyst, and celebrated Col. Lind’s decision.
During the eight-week trial, government prosecutors argued that
Manning indirectly aided al-Qaeda by sharing thousands of
classified documents with the anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks in
late 2009 and early 2010. The terrorist organization downloaded
the information, and Maj. Ashden Fein told the judge that Manning
expected the material would be seen by al-Qaeda. The prosecution
depicted Manning as an ill-intentioned traitor who sought fame
The defense portrayed Manning as a naïve, but well-intentioned
young man who simply wanted to generate a debate about the costs
of warfare. Attorney David Combs called his client a humanist and
a whistleblower, describing him as “somebody that wants to
inform the American public.”
“I believe that if the general public… had access to the information… this could spark a domestic debate as to the role of the military and foreign policy in general,” Manning said in March, speaking from a 35-page prepared statement for the court.
In closing arguments, Coombs asked the judge to consider whether Manning was truly a traitor, or whether he was “a young, naïve, good-intentioned soldier who had human life, in his humanist believes, center to his decisions – whose sole focus was, ‘maybe I just can make a difference, maybe make a change?’”
Although Col. Lind found Manning not guilty of aiding the enemy,
the 25-year-old native of Crescent, Okla., faces 21 counts,
including espionage, computer fraud and theft charges. He could
still receive time in military jail. In March, Manning admitted
to sending classified material to WikiLeaks, including 470,000
Iraq and Afghanistan battlefield reports and 250,000 State
Department diplomatic cables and material. He pled guilty to 10
lesser charges, which could still lead to a maximum sentence of
20 years imprisonment.
The verdict was a landmark decision that could predict how US authorities handle individuals disclosing state secrets. WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange on Friday expressed his fear that if Manning were convicted of aiding the enemy, it would be “the end of national security journalism in the United States.” The progression of the high-profile case may still instil fear into potential whistleblowers, especially in combination with the United States’ handling of former NSA contractor, Edward Snowden.
But for now, Col. Lind’s “not guilty” verdict of aiding the enemy has served as a cause for hope and celebration among truth-advocates and supporters of Bradley Manning’s efforts to expose the war crimes and wrongdoings of the US government.